Although it was honored by UNESCO in 1994 and studied and explored by a large number of scientists, the drawings on the Nazca Plateau (Nazca Lines) located in the south of Peru are still one of the world’s largest mysteries.
The small town of Nazca, located in southern Peru, about 400km from the capital Lima, is where tourists flock to find answers to the secrets of the illustrious ancient Nazca civilization, existed more than 2,000 years ago.
In the 1920s, when commercial flights began to fly over the Peruvian desert, people were amazed to discover the many gigantic figures carved on the surface of the Nazca plateau. There are more than 300 paintings discovered to this day, they create a puzzling “geometric garden” with many different shapes such as hummingbirds, monkeys, spiders, lizards. All are made of how to remove the surface gravel, revealing the lighter-colored rock underneath. The width of the lines is about 30 – 40cm. These paintings have existed for thousands of years, they are covered only by trees, desert sand and are easily visible from above.
During the past hundred years, many scientists around the world have flocked here to study these drawings. According to information on the UNESCO website, the ancient Pre-Hispanic social organizations that flourished on the southern coast of Peru from the eighth century BC to the eighth century AD are the authors of these this drawing. For nearly 2,000 years in a row, they have drawn thousands of figures and lines on barren ground with magnified images, achieving outstanding geometrical precision, turning this place into a highly iconic land.
Although being discovered long ago, Nazca never ceases to surprise people. Recently, archaeologists continued to discover a large cat, drawn with Nazca lines, lying on a hill in southern Peru with a length of about 37m. It is believed that many such drawings are obscured by trees, gravel and dust for centuries.
What are the Nazca people drawing these giant images for? Does it have anything to do with aliens, or astronomy …? There were countless questions posed but today, the majority of respondents claim that they represent a remarkable manifestation of a common religion and social identity that persists for a considerable time.