Ghost towns are abandoned settlements for many reasons, including war, economic decline, natural disasters or pollution. Some have become tourist attractions.
1. Craco, Italy
This historic town dates back to 540 BC, built by Greeks. Over the centuries, the town developed constantly. In the early years of the 20th century, subsidence began to occur. In 1963, the whole town was forced to evacuate due to landslides. By 1980, this place was completely abandoned after a major earthquake. Today, Craco is uninhabited but is an attractive tourist destination.
2. Pripyat, Ukraine
Pripyat is probably the most famous “ghost city”
in the world. Founded in 1970, Pripyat is the 9th nuclear city of the Soviet
Union, to support the nearby Chernobyl nuclear power plant. In 1986, when the
Chernobyl disaster took place, the city at that time had nearly 50,000 people
forced to evacuate all. Today, the level of radioactivity here has decreased,
more and more Ukrainian companies are exploiting guided tours around the area.
Varosha is the southern quarter of the city of Famagusta, which used to be the most attractive and attractive tourist attraction in the world. Many famous guests have come here to relax like Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton and Brigitte Bardot. In 1974, when Turkey invaded Cyprus, Varosha was occupied and the people were forced to flee. Today, Varosha is uninhabited and entry is prohibited.
Oradour-Sur-Glane is a village in central France, associated
with painful memories during World War II. On June 10, 1944, 642 villagers
including women and children were Slaughtered by Nazi Germany, only 30 people
were lucky to escape. After the war, then French President Charles de Gaulle
decided to turn the village into a memorial. A new village was also rebuilt
5. Bodie, California,
In the 19th century, Bodie was a bustling gold mining town
with 2,000 buildings and about 7,000 inhabitants. The town began a recession in
the early 20th century due to reduced mining profits. A few years later, when
the railway was abandoned, the town officially turned into a ghost town in the
wild West of America.
6. Glenrio, Texas/New
Located on the border of the states of Texas and New Mexico, Glenrio was originally a railway town. There are many interesting business activities such as gas and gas distribution and many supermarkets and bars serving long-distance drivers. After Interstate 40 was built, no one was passing through this route, causing Glenrio to be abandoned and become a ghost town.
7. Kennecott, Alaska,
Kennecott town used to be a copper mining center. At the
beginning of the 20th century, copper was a valuable mineral due to the
invention of electricity, cars, and phones. By the 1930s, copper mining in
Kennecott declined gradually due to depleted copper mines. The last train on
November 10, 1938 left Kennecott, marking the end of the town.
In 1908, the town Kolmanskop was founded with the main purpose of exploiting diamonds. It is full of hospitals, bars, power stations, schools, theaters, casinos and sports areas. After World War II, the diamond mine was gradually exhausted, Kolmanskop was completely abandoned in 1956. Today, Kolmanskop is located in a restricted area, tourists need a permit if they want to visit.
Akarmara was an important coal-mining town during World War II. However, armed conflicts along with the economy declined, causing copper mines to be closed and people forced to relocate. Today, Akarmara is flooding with tourists and travel companies, they come here to experience the old Soviet architecture and the method of operation of copper mines.
10. Kłomino, Poland
Kłomino is a small town in the old Pomerania province of
Germany. During World War II, the Germans turned this place into a prisoner
camp but were recaptured by the Soviet Red Army in 1945. The town became a
military base. When the Soviet Union collapsed, this place was returned to
Poland. The Polish government sold the town but no one cared, the people
gradually left. Klomino currently has only 5 residents.